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Resources: Abstracts of American Studies Dissertations

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Atwood, Paul L. "The United States and Costa Rica, 1945-1960: The Containment of Liberal Nationalism," Boston University, 1990. Advisor: Arnold A. Offner (11,2)

This study examines the relations of the United States with Costa Rica from 1945 to 1960 and shows how Cold War premises conditioned Washington’s response to costa Rican nationalism. Drawing upon State Department records in the National Archives, records of the Truman and Eisenhower presidencies, and private papers, this dissertation shows that liberal nationalism—capitalist in aim and ideology—threatened Washington’s plans for the development of Costa Rica (and Latin America) more than communism in the Americas. After economic intervention of the Eisenhower Administration, Costa Rica became a linchpin in Washington’s plans to contain more radical nationalist programs throughout the Central American isthmus.